Apr 07, 2022
In Christianity Forum
Despite some tense negotiations, both Norwegian and Finnish independence were granted without violence by the Swedish monarchy in 1905 and by the Soviet Union in 1918, respectively. For all these reasons, no hegemonic imperial or mobile phone number list nationalist party was ever established in the Nordic democracies. Nor did any major Christian Democratic party emerge. The Lutheran state churches left matters of family law and education in the hands of the state and never really tried to organize the industrial mobile phone number list working class. The dissenting "free churches" did try, but they couldn't get very far because they were too fragmented from each other. 100 or 150 years ago they were oriented towards democratic liberalism and often were not against a growing labor movement with autonomous characteristics. Largely deprived of assets suitable for popular mobilization, such as nationalism, ethnic hostility, and modern, mobile phone number list politicized religion, the conservative parties in the Nordic countries never managed to achieve political dominance through universal suffrage. In particular, there are two features of the class structure of these nations that are highly relevant in this context. One is the autonomy of peasants and farmers, mobile phone number list based on working their own land and on a cultural, cooperative and political organization. Nordic farmers have often been conservative but without institutional affiliation, based on the perception of their own class interests and not because of the influence of priests or landowners. This class autonomy was decisive for the political advance of Nordic social democracy in the 1930s.